Hoplites were soldiers for ancient Greece. Hoplon was the name of the shield used by the Hoplite worriers. It is said that the Hoplites name came from their shield (Hoplon), but others argue that, Hoplites took their name from their arms and armor as a whole.
Hoplites were usually free citizens of Greece. In most cases they received basic military training and were responsible for obtaining their own armor for battle. Since armor was so expensive, it was usually passed down through families. There were many different styles of armor used by the Hoplites, usually ranging between 45-60 pounds. Some pheasant soldiers could not even afford armor and would simply fight with a hoplon, spear and possibly a helmet. The hoplites that had a little more money have linothorax, which was armor that was made from stitched fabric reinforced with animal skin or bronze. Linothorax was most popular because of it was not too expensive and was very durable. Those who had lots of money (upper-class) would wear a bronze chest plate. The helmets used varied over time, getting lighter and simpler as time went on. The main weapon that they used was a spear, which they called a Dory. There were different length’s used ranging from 7 feet up to 25 feet. The Hoplites would hold they dory in one had while holding their hoplon in the other. The pointy end of the spear was usually a leaf shape. The other end of the dory was usually spiked so that they could stand the spear in the ground.
Many of the Greek worriers had other jobs to attend to, and winters were too tough of conditions, so battles were generally fought during summer in a location that both sides would agree upon prior to battle. Hoplites generally fought using a Phalanx formation, which was rectangular mass of worriers armed with their hoplons, spears, and other similar weapons. They would march together toward their opponent and whichever line broke first was generally the losing side.
Hoplites were tough worriers who obviously made a name for themselves with many films now days based on these worriers. They were a strong and unforgettable people.
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